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  1. eye doctor San Antonio, TX
    Cataract is a clouding of the eye's lens. When we look at an object, light rays travel into our eye through the pupil and are focused through the lens onto the retina, a layer of light sensitive cells at the back of the eye. The lens must be clear in order to focus light properly onto the retina. A cataract causes your vision to become blurry, cloudy or dim, or objects do not appear as bright or colorful as they used to be. Cataracts often cause glare with oncoming headlights while driving at night. The natural lens may be replaced with an artificial implant called an intraocular lens (IOL).
  2. eye doctor San Antonio, TX
    Glaucoma is a disease that damages the eye's optic nerve and is often familial. It is often, but not always, associated with high eye pressure. This high pressure can damage the nerve fibers in your optic nerve. Glaucoma left undiagnosed and untreated can slowly lead to blindness. Glaucoma cannot be cured, but its progression can be slowed by medical or surgical treatment.
  3. eye doctor San Antonio, TX
    Diabetic retinopathy is the most common manifestation of diabetes in the eye. High glucose levels damage blood vessels, which weaken and leak fluid. Small blood vessels can also completely close, causing a loss of oxygen to the eye. In some cases, the deprivation of oxygen stimulates new and abnormal blood vessels to grow. These abnormal blood vessels often bleed and cause a vitreous hemorrhage. In many cases, the loss of vision cannot be reversed. However, if diagnosed early enough, vision can be restored or preserved with medical or surgical treatment.
  4. eye doctor San Antonio, TX
    Macular Degeneration
    Age-related macular degeneration is the deterioration of the central part of the retina, the macula. The macula is the part of the eye responsible for central vision and allows you to see fine details. Patients with macular denegeration often report distorted vision and/or unable to read.
    Dry eye is the result of not having enough tears to lubricate the surface of the eye or having abnormal tear composition. Dry eyes are common in older adults. Symptoms include irritation, sandiness, burning sensation in the eye, watery eyes, or fluctuated vision. Treatment includes supplementation with artificial tears, topical medications which stimulate your own body's tear production, punctual plugs, or surgical correction of an abnormal position of your eyelid.
    Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva – the thin, protective membrane that covers the surface of the eyeball and inner surface of the eyelids. Pink eye is highly contagious and is usually accompanied by redness in the white of the eye and increased tearing and/or discharge. While many minor cases improve within two weeks, some can develop into serious corneal inflammation and threaten sight.
  7. STYE
    An external stye is an infection of the oil glands or an infection of the sweat glands. External styes form on the outside of the lids and can be seen as small red bumps. Internal styes are infections of the oil glands lining the inside of the eyelids. They also cause a red bump underneath the lid with only generalized redness and swelling visible on the outside. They contain water and pus, and the bacteria will spread if the stye is forcefully ruptured. Styes are characterized by an acute onset and usually short in duration (7–10 days without treatment). Styes are usually caused by the Staphylococcus aureus bacterium.
  8. eye doctor San Antonio, TX
    Keratoconus causes the cornea to thin and bulge to a cone-like shape, distorting vision. Treatments for this conditions include specialty designed contact lenses and surgery.