For a comprehensive eye exam our eye doctors will determine your prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses, as well as checking your eyes for common eye diseases, assess how your eyes work together as a team and evaluate them as an indicator of your overall health.
For vision insurance purposes an eye exam is more broadly known as an Annual Vision Wellness Examination. For those who only have medical insurance please look at the medical eye exam listed below.
Contact Lens Exam/Fitting
For the contact lens exam our eye doctors will examine the front surface of the eye, where the contact lens would sit and discuss the best contact lens option for you. If you are wearing contacts for the first time, the optometrist will coach you on safe insertion and removal techniques for the contact lens.
The exam also includes discussion for proper contact lens handling and care to avoid and minimize risk of potential ocular diseases.
Diabetic Eye Exam
Diabetes can damage the small blood vessels in your retina; the back wall of your eyeball. This condition is called diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic eye exam requires dilation, drops will be placed in your eyes to widen (dilate) your pupils to allow the eye doctor a better view inside your eyes. The drops may cause your close vision to blur until they wear off, several hours later.
The detection of diabetic retinopathy will help our eye doctor to map out steps which can be taken to prevent further damage to your vision.
Dry Eye Evaluation & Treatment
When the tear glands are unable to produce enough tears to keep the eyes moist the eyes can not get rid of dust and other irritants. This causes blurred vision, burning, stinging and redness in the eye.
Typically, dry eye disease can be diagnosed through a comprehensive eye exam along with a verbal description of your symptoms, however our eye doctor may decide to do a test that measures how quickly your tears evaporate from the surface of your eye.
There are a couple of tests available for diagnosis such as TBUT and Schrimer.
TBUT involves instilling a simple dye called fluorescein (much like food coloring) the doctor is able to watch and count how long it takes the tears to start to break up after they’ve asked you to hold your eyes open after a blink This is called Tear Break Up Time test (TBUT). A low TBUT generally indicates a lipid (aka oil) deficiency in the tears resulting from oil glands in the eyelids not functioning properly. In another type of test, called a Schirmer test, a strip of filter paper is placed under the lid of the eye and you will be asked to close your eye for five minutes. Following the test the amount of moisture on the strip will be measured. Schirmer tests are performed less frequently than a TBUT test.
Glaucoma Evaluation and Treatment
Glaucoma is a disease that damages the eye’s optic nerve and is often genetic. It is often, but not always, associated with high eye pressure. This high pressure can damage the nerve fibers in your optic nerve. Undiagnosed and untreated Glaucoma can slowly lead to blindness. Glaucoma cannot be cured, but its progression can be slowed by medical or surgical treatment.
Glaucoma evaluation requires dilation, drops will be placed in your eyes to widen (dilate) your pupils to allow the eye doctor a better view inside your eyes, specifically the shape and color of the optic nerve. The optic nerve will be examined with a slit lamp which measures intraocular pressure (IOP). If IOP is not within the normal range or if the optic nerve looks unusual, your doctor may perform further glaucoma specific testing.
Medical Eye Exam
Medical Eye Exam is similar to a comprehensive eye exam. It is used to diagnose specific conditions including but not restricted to:
+ Cataracts Evaluation
+ Corneal Topography
+ Diabetic Eye Examination
+ Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)
+ Glaucoma testing/treatment
+ Macular Degeneration Exam
+ Miscellaneous ocular diseases
The vital distinction between Medical Eye Exam and a comprehensive Eye Exam is that the former is covered under medical insurance.
We offer a vast array of services from ocular foreign body removal to vision therapy. Please contact our offices for the specific condition that you are seeking treatment for and we will connect you with an eye doctor or optician that is right for you.